Public Hospitals and Specialist Centres
Within Singapore’s public healthcare system, there are a total of 18 polyclinics, 8 general hospitals and a number of community hospitals and specialty centres. Two new general hospitals are also being developed. The Ng Teng Fong Hospital is currently being constructed and is expected to be completed by 2014. The plans for the Sengkang General Hospital are being developed, and the hospital is expected to be ready in 2018.
The public hospitals are grouped into regional healthcare clusters and managed by separate administrative organisations. This approach improves management effectiveness and promotes the integration of healthcare services at each geographical cluster. The following table shows the hospital groupings.
Hospital Group/Hospital/Specialty Centre
|Khoo Tech Puat Hospital||www.ktph.com.sg|
|Yishun Community Hospital (ready by 2015)|
|Jurong Health Services
|Ng Teng Fong Hospital (ready by 2014)|
|Jurong Medical Centre||www.jgh.com.sg|
|Jurong Community Hospital (ready by 2015)|
|Institute of Mental Health||www.imh.com.sg|
|Tan Tock Seng Hospital||www.ttsh.com.sg|
|John Hopkins Singapore||www.imc.jhmi.edu|
|National Skin Centre||www.nsc.gov.sg|
|National University Health System|
|National University Hospital||www.nuh.com.sg|
|National University Heart Centre||www.nuhcs.com.sg|
|National University Cancer Institute||www.ncis.com.sg|
|KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital||www.kkh.com.sg|
|Singapore General Hospital||www.sgh.com.sg|
|National Heart Centre||www.nhcs.com.sg|
|National Dental Centre||www.ndc.com.sg|
|National Cancer Centre||www.nccs.com.sg|
|National Neuroscience Institute||www.nni.com.sg|
|Singapore National Eye Centre||www.snec.com.sg|
|Eastern Health Alliance
|Changi General Hospital||www.cgh.com.sg|
|St. Andrew’s Community Hospital||www.sach.org.sg|
Some of the public hospitals that are active in medical research are described below.
Changi General Hospital
This 790-bed JCI accredited (since 2005) hospital was built in 1998 to serve communities in the east and north-east parts of Singapore. It offers a broad range of medical services, from general surgery, internal medicine, cardiology, ENT to orthopaedic surgery and dermatology. Its Clinical Trials & Research Unit (CTRU) is actively involved in Phase 1 to Phase 4 trials. The hospital also set up a healthcare innovation centre in 2012, to facilitate innovative healthcare projects from ideation, prototyping to implementation.
Khoo Teck Puat Hospital
This is Singapore’s newest public hospital. It is a 550-bed general and acute care hospital offering a comprehensive range of medical services and specialist care. The hospital has 38 specialist clinics, eight state-of-the-art operating theatres, four endoscopy suites, two intensive care cum high dependency units and rehabilitation gyms. The hospital has a clinical research unit that conducts research activities in areas including cardiology, diagnostic radiology, infectious disease and ophthalmology.
KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital
The hospital is a regional leader in Obstetrics, Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Neonatology. It has 830 beds and is a referral centre providing tertiary services to handle high-risk conditions in women and children. The hospital has 2 research centres – the KK Research Centre and the Academic Medicine Research Institute (AMRI). Research studies at the hospital test new drugs, devices and treatments in the fields of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Paediatric Medicine as well as Surgery, especially in Neurosurgery and Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery.
National University Hospital
This is a tertiary specialist hospital that is affiliated with the medical school at the National University of Singapore (NUS). It is the principal teaching hospital of the medical school. It has almost a thousand beds, 23 operating theatres and 6 intensive care units. In 2004, it became the first hospital in Singapore to receive JCI accreditation. Given its role as a teaching and research hospital, NUH carries out translational and clinical research in a broad range of medical fields. The hospital also established an Investigational Medicine Unit (IMU) to provide core facilities to organise clinical trial activities within the hospital.
Singapore General Hospital
This is the largest and oldest hospital in Singapore. It is also the third largest teaching hospital in the world that is Joint Commission International (JCI) accredited. Located within the hospital campus are the National Heart Centre, National Cancer Centre, National Neuroscience Institute, Singapore National Eye Centre and National Dental Centre as well as the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, which is Singapore’s second medical school. The hospital campus caters to over 1 million patients annually and accounts for about a quarter of the total acute hospital beds in the public sector. The hospital has a research division that coordinates clinical trials, with staff experienced in a broad range of medical disciplines. SingHealth’s Investigational Medicine Unit (IMU) is also located within this hospital. The SingHealth IMU is an early phase clinical research unit dedicated to proof of concept, first-in-man and early stage clinical development studies.
Tan Tock Seng Hospital
This is one of Singapore’s earliest multi-disciplinary hospitals. It has 36 clinical and allied health departments as well as 15 specialist centres. The hospital sees over 2,000 patients at its specialist clinics and some 460 patients at its emergency department every day. It is ISO 9001 certified and is JCI accredited. TTSH also hosts the new Institute of Infectious Disease and Epidemiology (IIDE) which conducts research in areas like infection control, point of care tests for infectious diseases and syndromic surveillance. The Clinical Research Unit at TTSH supports clinical trials conducted at the hospital.
Private Hospitals and Healthcare Organisations
There are a total of 14 private hospitals and specialty centres, and over 2,000 medical clinics in Singapore. Some of these major hospitals are described below.
Parkway is a leading healthcare provider in Asia and is wholly owned by IHH Healthcare Berhad. It operates 16 hospitals across Asia, including the Gleneagles Hospital, Mount Elizabeth Hospital, Parkway East Hospital and Parkway Novena Hospital in Singapore. In addition, the group runs a number of specialist centres, including the Parkway Cancer Centre and the Parkway Eye Centre. More information can be found on its website.
The Gleneagles Hospital is a 272-bed private tertiary acute-care hospital, providing a wide range of medical and surgical services. Its key specialties include Cardiology, Gastroenterology, Liver Transplant, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Oncology and Orthopaedics. The hospital was accredited with JCI in 2006 and re-accredited in 2009.
The Mount Elizabeth Hospital has 357 beds and is one of the largest private hospitals in Asia. It performs the largest number of cardiac surgeries and neurosurgeries in the private sector in the region. It is accredited with the JCI; and is the first private hospital in Asia to win the Asian Management Award for exceptional people development and management.
GleneaglesCRC is established as a joint venture CRO between Parkway and Mitsui Co. Ltd. and serve to organise clinical trial activities involving doctors within the Parkway groups of hospitals in Singapore and rest of Asia.
Raffles Medical Group
Raffles Medical Group is largest private group practice in Singapore. It owns and operates a network of 74 medical clinics and a tertiary care hospital – the Raffles Hospital. The Raffles Hospital is a 380-bed tertiary hospital and houses 16 specialist centres in various areas like Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Cardiology, Oncology and Orthopaedics. The hospital established a Clinical Trials Unit to promote and coordinate clinical trials activities within the organisation. More information can be found on its website.
Step-down Care Service Providers and Community Hospitals
There are just over 60 nursing homes in Singapore. About half of these are run by voluntary welfare organisations (VWOs). The VWOs also manage around thirty day rehabilitation centres that provide step-down care services as well as 6 community hospitals which cater to the needs of various communities in Singapore including those who are chronically sick. The website of the Ministry of Health provides a complete list of all existing hospitals and healthcare organisations in Singapore.